Eczema, which may also be called “atopic dermatitis,” is a common skin condition that causes patches of red, itchy skin to develop. This condition is usually chronic, but symptoms come and go. In many cases, people with eczema also experience hay fever and asthma.
The exact cause of eczema is unknown. However, researchers believe that many different factors contribute to eczema, including problems with the immune system, genetic issues, environmental conditions, and dry skin. Certain bacteria also influences the development of eczema symptoms.
The symptoms of eczema vary, but may include:
These symptoms are most common on the knees, elbows, upper chest, hands, and feet. Babies may also develop eczema on the scalp and face.
Dr. Bruell diagnoses eczema based on the patient’s symptoms and an examination of the patient’s skin. No lab tests are required to diagnose this condition.
Researchers haven’t found a cure for eczema, but treatment helps alleviate the symptoms. Some of the treatments Dr. Bruell may prescribe for eczema include:
Certain factors may aggravate the symptoms of eczema. Avoiding these factors improves patients’ symptoms. Some of the factors include:
To reduce the intensity of symptoms, patients should avoid situations that lead to extreme sweating. They also should take shorter baths or showers with mild soap. In addition, patients should moisturize their skin twice per day to prevent dryness.
If eczema isn’t treated properly, patients may experience complications, including skin infections, sleep disturbances, and low quality of life. For children, eczema may also lead to behavioral problems.
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