Acne is a very common condition that develops when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil. This condition most commonly affects people between the ages of 12 and 20. However, acne can affect anyone, including older adults and younger children.
Patients with acne may notice blackheads, whiteheads, tender red bumps, bumps with visible pus, or large painful lumps below the skin. These lesions are most common on the face, chest, back, shoulders, and neck. Individual bumps typically heal on their own, but new ones are likely to appear.
If acne isn’t properly treated, it may lead to scarring.
Dr. Bruell typically diagnoses acne through an examination of the skin. Lab tests won’t usually be required for this diagnosis.
In many cases, patients control acne at home with conservative treatments. However, when acne is severe or doesn’t respond to these at-home treatment measures, professional treatment may be necessary.
Dr. Bruell offers a range of treatment options to patients with acne. One of the first lines of treatment is topical medication, such as an antibiotic or a retinoid. The goal of these medications is to prevent the formation of new acne. Patients with more severe cases of acne may benefit from an oral medication. However, these medications often cause side effects. In addition, Dr. Bruell may recommend other therapies, such as chemical peels, light therapy, or steroid injections.
Patients can reduce the likelihood of new acne by keeping the skin clean and free of excess oil. Patients should avoid harsh cleansers and other irritants. In addition, patients who have acne lesions should resist the urge to squeeze or pick at them, as this can increase the chances of scarring.
Untreated acne can cause significant scarring. Fortunately, treatment can improve the appearance of scars. Some treatments that may be effective for patients with acne scars include light therapy, laser resurfacing, dermabrasion, skin surgery, chemical peels, and soft tissue fillers.
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